Hyatt Regency O'Hare - Chicago, Illnois As printed in the CMSFORUM
on June 7, 2001
The workshop brought together representatives from a variety of
organizations to hear presentations and engage in discussions about
the chemical management services (CMS) model and, more broadly,
the CMS industry and its trends. A total of 56 people from 34 different
organizations attended the workshop, making this the largest audience
at a CSP workshop to date. CMS is market-based approach to reduce
chemical use and costs through improved chemical management. It
is a strategic, long-term relationship in which a customer contracts
with a service provider to supply and manage the customer’s
chemicals and related services.
Speakers presented information about the CMS model,
case studies of successful CMS programs, projections for the future
of the CMS industry, and details on how to initiate a program.
Air Products and Chemicals, Ashland, Inc., Baker Petrolite, Bethlehem
Steel, BetzDearborn, BF Goodrich, The Boeing Company, Castrol, Caterpillar,
Chemical Safety Software, Defense Logistics Agency, Dopaco, Dow
Corning Corporation, Ecolink, Fuchs Lubricants, Gage Products, General
Chemical Corporation, General Motors, GKN Corporation, Haas Corporation,
Henkel Chemical Management, Illinois State University, Illinois
Waste Management and Research Center, Joyce Foundation, Lubrizol
Corporation, Milacron, NTN USA Corporation, Ondeo Nalco Chemical
Management and Service, Pratt & Whitney, Quaker Chemical Corporation,
Raytheon Company, United Technologies Corporation, URS Corporation/Radian
International, Waste Management, Inc.
The workshop was hosted by Chemical Strategies Partnership (CSP)
with funding provided by the CMS Forum (a project of CSP).
Members of the CMS Forum include the following
Founding Members: Ashland, Inc., GW International,
Haas Corporation, and URS Corporation/Radian.
Other Members: Baker Petrolite, Ecolink, Rockwood
Electronic Materials, and University of California Labs Administration
Jill Kauffman Johnson, Executive Director, CSP
Jill Kauffman Johnson opened the day by asking the participants
what their motivation was for attending the workshop. The participants
listed a variety of reasons, but they were more interested in learning
more about the CMS model, understanding the trends of the CMS industry,
learning best practices from both customers and CMS providers that
are already engaged in a CMS program, and networking with other
Following the welcome and introductions, Jill gave
a presentation about CSP whose mission is to reduce chemical use,
waste, risks, and cost through the transformation of the chemical
supply chain by redefining the way chemicals are used and sold.
CSP believes that CMS is a valid model for achieving this mission.
CSP promotes the CMS model through research, public education, and
demonstration pilot programs.
CSP believes that aligning the financial incentives
of the chemical user and supplier to reduce lifecycle chemical costs
and environmental impacts is the lynchpin to success. So why isn’t
everyone using this great model of efficiency and environmental
gain? The answer is well understood to all people with good ideas
in big organizations. Change-even positive change-is difficult.
CSP’s objective is to work with the agents of change, like
those in the room, to empower them to sell the concept internally
and to help companies understand how their relationship with their
chemical suppliers can be a partnership toward improving environmental
performance and the bottom line.
This portion of the workshop showcased case studies
from two CMS partnerships with speakers representing both customer
and CMS provider perspectives. Brief summaries of the presentations
are provided below.
Mueller, Corporate Strategic Agreements Manager,
— Former Leigh Hayes, Senior VP, URS Corporation/Radian
International- Now Haas TCM
Raytheon’s Chemical & Gas Management Program (CGMP) began
in May 1999 and is a corporate-wide program with over 30 sites participating
representing 80% of the chemical spend dollars. Raytheon was a pilot
program of CSP, and after seeing good results at one of the facilities,
Raytheon decided to roll out a CMS program corporate-wide. Raytheon
contracts with CMS provider URS/Radian for the full scope of chemical
management services. To date, the CGMP has resulted in improved
service and quality, and a six-month payback on the first year of
implementation costs - savings have already begun to accrue. Raytheon’s
primary drivers for initiating a CMS program were cost cutting and
the need to become one company (after several mergers) despite multiple
cultures, procedures, and systems. They also had a strong desire
to outsource their information management system and centralize
and standardize their diverse and large supplier base (1000+ vendors).
Q - Can you estimate
how much time Raytheon’s management puts into the program?
A - Raytheon established
regional, cross-functional teams that were responsible for the programs.
The implementation phase required 100% of the time of team members,
but now that we are well into maintenance, team members only spend
1/10 or 1/20 of their time on the program. However, level of involvement
can change depending on need for focus.
Q - What have you done to achieve
reductions in toxics and overall hazardous chemical usage?
A - From the start, the CGMP
has focused on toxics. We have developed an information mining application
that identifies pre-approved chemicals and specific EH&S attributes
(e.g., VOCs, carcinogens). It allows chemicals to be selected on
the basis of environmental preference, if desired. One piece of
the CGMP that Raytheon is focusing on now is reducing our ecological
Q - Regarding job loss-how do you
re-designate these employees?
A - Ultimately, Radian [URS]
hired several Raytheon personnel while others were rededicated to
other more strategic areas.
Opachak, Program Manager for Chemicals Management, General Motors
Thad Fortin, CEO, Haas Corporation
General Motors was one of the first companies to implement CMS and
currently 98% of GM plants in North America have implemented a CMS
program. Chemical Management is the cornerstone of the environmental
strategy at General Motors, and the cornerstone of chemical management
is process optimization. GM plants are staffed with 2-15 personnel
(per site) from their CMS providers and the CMS providers are responsible
for major process chemicals and the entire chemical system. It is
this close involvement and responsibility that allows the CMS provider
to control the chemical system means that GM plant personnel are
now able to focus on the core business building automobiles.
Thad Fortin was on hand to represent Haas Corporation,
one of GM’s CMS providers. In its relationships with customers,
Haas uses a fixed pricing program that rewards Haas for reducing
chemical usage and finding other cost savings. To start, Haas focuses
on the back end of the process-waste, and moves upstream from there,
finding ways to optimize the lifecycle along the way. Customers
expect a payback in the first year, so work needs to be done quickly
and cheaply. In working with several of GM’s manufacturing
plants, the CMS programs have resulted in significant usage reductions
across several types of manufacturing.
Q - Were there differences in environmental
reporting from plant to plant?
A - We brought all of the
chemical managers in and gave them a standard format and they have
all complied with that format.
Q - What is the value from the information
A - Before CMS, we didn’t
have a grip on information systems. Our initial estimates were low,
and costs of $1 million grew to $3-4 million. The information system
identified what our plants were using, where it was being used,
the basic process, consumption amounts, VOCs, etc. Ultimately, it
reduced the environmental function and added value to the process
by serving as the gatekeeper for screening out material, summarizing
billing, tracking usage, etc.
Chemical Strategies Partnership/CMS Forum
Bill Michael, Research Engineer, Caterpillar
Bill Michael presented cases studies from three different manufacturing
plants at Caterpillar (CAT): Mossville, IL; Sumter, SC; and Tech
Center (Peoria, IL). Each business unit is autonomous at CAT, and
therefore each plant decides whether or not to implement a CMS program
to alleviate these problems. Castrol is the CMS provider at Mossville,
and they provide management of the purchasing and inventory of all
water-based fluids, chemical testing, and 20+ staff. The CMS program
has resulted in several benefits including improved tool life, maintenance,
and health and safety issues.
The Sumter plant is a much smaller facility that was
opened in 1998 and designed from the beginning as a 100% recycling,
no landfill facility. This facility has no drains, nearly 100% water
reuse, $500,000 savings in the first year, and 365 tons of waste
“saved” from landfill. Quaker Chemical is the CMS provider
and is responsible for receiving, maintaining, and disposing of
the chemicals-CAT owns none of them. What was found at Sumter is
that CMS can’t/won’t do everything and each plant has
to design the scope of what it can do, then place a lot of trust
in the CMS program and provider.
In the case of the Technical Center, a research facility,
CAT’s research engineers implemented the principals of a CMS
program. Initiated in December 2000, CAT assumed CMS duties from
their maintenance contractor. Through May of 2001, the Tech Center
has seen 73% decrease in gallons of concentrate used and an 86%
reduction in disposal resulting in significant cost savings. Some
of the primary barriers to the program have been operator habits
and communication. To overcome these kinds of barriers, it is important
to build a good team consisting of operators, technicians and engineers.
Q - How long is the bidding process?
A - The selection process
is 2-4 months, then once the CMS provider is selected, putting the
contract in place takes a bit more time. The total process for developing
a CMS program is close to a year.
Highlights form the Roundtable Discussion
— Moderated by Jeff
Rosenblum, Program Associate, CSP
The portion of the workshop featured a question and answer discussion
involving all the participants of the workshop.
Q - CMS is a new way of doing business.
What are some strategies for working with a union? How do you made
trade-offs and compromises?
A - Get with the human resources
union representatives at the site and explain the program to them.
A - In the auto sector, the
CMS providers worked on the floor with the union. Where they had
made the effort to include the union, they had more control over
chemicals. Get the union in on the ground floor.
A - Get a union representative
involved in the chemical management negotiations and in the selection
process. This person will see the advantages of CMS and will communicate
this back through the union hierarchy. Once there is trust, union
employees will give up job functions because they will see it is
in their interest to do so.
Q - How do you establish metrics for
measuring performance of your program?
A - It is possible to have
a good CMS program that is not based on price per unit-a chemical
pass-through option is possible. You need to determine what each
stakeholder wants as an indicator. Even with pass-through you can
still measure attainment.
Q - What types of mechanisms can be
used to convince upper management to initiate a CMS program?
A - Make the business case
and use metrics to show it works. Overcoming resistance to change
is the biggest factor beyond this,
A - Ask yourself if anyone
would be willing to pay you to manage their chemicals. If you don’t
think you do it well enough to make a business out of it, then you
should outsource. This is a litmus test to determine what is core
Bierma, MBA, Ph.D., Professor of Environmental Health,
Illinois State University
Tom Bierma has been conducting research on CMS for over six years.
He spoke about the trends and challenges for the future of CMS.
At the heart of matter are the barriers and the benefits to CMS;
in other words, will it work and why should I do it? Beyond reduced
chemical costs and usage, CMS programs result in higher quality,
lower downtime, more chemical control and better EH&S performance.
However there are many barriers that all point at three primary
issues: understanding CMS, selling it internally, and trying it.
For CMS suppliers there are several ways to overcome these barriers.
The top five are to differentiate CMS from its inferior substitutes
(i.e., integrated supply), pre-sell CMS, develop internal marketing
materials, demonstrate total cost of ownership of chemicals, and
develop low-risk pilot programs.
Q - Within your organizations, who
is the biggest barrier?
A - Users. They are at the
floor level and feel trapped into CMS. They have issues with their
A - Engineering. They have
egos and refuse to believe that someone else can do it better.
A - EH&S is the least
likely to present a barrier.
Claussen, CMS Forum Director, CSP
Chemical management sounds good, but is CMS right for my company?
The CSP approach to initiating a CMS program has four phases: planning,
base lining chemical costs, developing the scope of your program,
and engaging a CMS provider. Baseline cost data is the foundation
of a CMS program. You cannot determine what is best for your facility
until you understand how much your facility spends managing chemicals,
how the chemical process functions, and where your inefficiencies
are. From this chemical baseline data, you can identify the primary
cost drivers at your facility and ultimately design the scope of
your CMS program.
Votta, Deputy Director, CSP
To date, CSP has been effective in its efforts to work with customers
and suppliers on promoting the CMS model. In 2000, CSP launched
the CMS Forum, published articles, presented at multiple conferences,
and launched the Silicon Valley Pilot Project, which included working
with three Silicon Valley companies on initiating a CMS program.
Looking to the future, CSP intends to work with additional stakeholders
including government organizations, management consultants, trade
associations, the financial community, and organizations with an
international focus. Ultimately, CSP hopes to accelerate the adoption
of CMS in currently penetrated industries, introduce CMS to new
industries, continue to develop tools that will encourage proliferation
of the CMS model, test the viability of CMS certification, and expand
the membership base of the CMS Forum.
For More Information…
To learn more about the CMS Forum and how to become a member, check
out our website at www.cmsforum.org,
or contact John Claussen at 415-421-3405 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
To learn more about the Chemical Strategies Partnership,
go to www.chemicalstrategies.org,
or contact Darcy Whaley at 415-421-3405 or email@example.com.
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